Aymbw 12

 

D-c-hkvXnknn

 
Sidhi.jpg (6888 bytes) Home2.gif (2938 bytes)
 

tmI : 1-15 16-25 26-35 36-45 46-55 56-71 72-90

 

AYmX DchkvXnknnw hymJymkyma
CXnlkvaml `Khm\mt{Xb

1

C\n DchkvXn knn F Aymbs Bt{Xb`Khm D]tZinXp {]Imcw Anthi aljn hnhcnpp.

AY JezmXpcw sshZyx kwipw ha\mZn`nx
Zp_ema amnw ap km\_\w.   
\nlrXm\ne hnaq{XI^]nw Irimibw
iq\ytZlw {]XoImc klnjvWpw {]Xn]metb.  
bssYh XcpWw ]qw ssXe]m{Xw XssYhN
tKm]me Ch ZWvUoKmx kkvamZ] NmcXx    

2

3

4

ha\hntcN\mZnItfsmv icocipn hcpnb tcmKnsb sshZy cnWw. ImcWw Ah\v _ebw, BatZmjw, amn, kn _ԧġv inYneX, hmbpaewI^w]nw Ch ]pdtv t]mbncnpI, Bibw IriambncnpI, icoc iq\yX, {]XnImcsfmpw klnm IgnbmXncnpI FnhsbmapmIpw. Ahs\ F \nd t\cnb ]m{Xw kqptmse kqnWw. AXmbXv kqnnsn ]m{Xw DSp F ]pdtv t]mIpXpt]mse icocw \inp Poh ]pdtv t]mIpw. AXpt]mseXs ]iphns\ tabvph hSn [cnpw hnfnp Iqhnbpw ]iphns\ \nb{nnsn ]ip A\ycpsS hben Cdn hnf \innpw. AXpt]mse sshZy tZlipn hcpnb tcmKnsb Fmhn[ A]y tkhbn\npw cntXmWv.

An kqWmp ]qw t]bmZo\m

`njIv    
ctkmtctWm]Ntc {ItaW {IatImhnZx
kv\nKvm kzmZp lrZym\n XtXm
ƒ

ehWucku
kzmZmXnu XtXm`qbx Ijmb ISpIu XXx.  
At\ym\y {]Xy\oIm\mw ckm\mw kv\nKvcqtbmx
hyXymkmZp]tbmtK\ {]IrXnwKatbZv `ojIv.  

5

6

7

t]bmZn kwk\{Iaadnbp sshZytZlipn hcpnb tcmKnsb AnZo]\mw BZyw t]bmZn{IawsImpw ]ns amwkckwsImpw D]NcnWw. kwk\ {Iam\cw kv\nKvXbpXpw ]pfnbpXpw a[pcapXpw lrZyhpamb Blmcw sImSpWw. AXn\ptijw ]pfnbpw Dpw tN Blmcw sImSpWw. AXn\ptijw a[pchpw Ibv]pw tN Blmcw sImSpWw. AXn\ptijw hopw Nhpw Fcnhpw tN BlmcwsImSpWw. C{]Imcw ]ckv]cw hncpfmb ckfpsS D]tbmKwsImpw kv\nKvXbpXpw cqXbpXpamb {ZhyfpsS hyXykvXamb D]tbmKwsImpw AXmbXv kv\nKvXbph\v cqXbp {Zhyhpw cqXbph\v kv\nKv{Zhyhpw D]tbmKnpw sshZy tcmKnsb {]IrXyhbnsImphcWw.

_ehm hhm kcXnx kzwKx ntc{nbx
{]kmm khktlm hntbx {]IrXnw KXx

8

kwk\m\cw tcmKn kz\bm _ehm\mbpw h{]kmZaph\mbmepw Fmnepw {]oXnbph\mbpw AwKkujvThaph\mbpw ntc{nb\mbpw {]kmmhmbpw Fmw klnphm\p Ignhph\mbpancnpsadnbWw.

GXmw {]IrXna{]mNvXx khhym\n htb
almtZmj IcmWyjvSmthXm\n Xp hntijXx. 

9

kw\ {Inbm\cw tcmKn ]q{]IrXnesn hntXmb Fm BlmchnlmcmZnIfpw hnWw. Ghpw tZmjIcamb Xmsg ]dbp Fv Imcy hntijnpw hntXmWv.

Dss`mjyw cYtm`mXnNw {IaWmkt\
APnmlnX t`mtPy N Znhmkz]v\ ssaYp\w.

10

Dnep kwkmcw, cYmZn hm\lfn bm{X sNpI \nanapmIp icoctm`w, AXnbmb hgn\Sw Htc Ccnn A[nI kabancnpI BZyw Ign Blmcw ZlnmsX hopw Blmcw IgnpI, lnXam Blmcw IgnpI, ]IepdpI, ssaYp\w sNpI Fo Fv `mh icocw ]qnXnbnemIm tim[\ sNbvI tcmKn ]qambpw hnWw.

DuwtZtlƒY kmt[m ay]oUmatZmjPmx
tjvaPmx bPmssh hym[bx kypbYm{Iaw.

11

Dnep `mjWwsImv icocns Duz`mKfnepmIp tcmKfpw cYtm`wsImv icocn apgph\pmIp tcmKfpw AXnNw{IaWwsImv icocns At[m`mKfnepmIp tcmKfpw AXymk\wsImv aytZlP\yamb tcmKfpw APot`mPywsImv BatZmjP\yamb tcmKfpw AlnXt`mPywsImv tZmjP\yamb tcmKfpw Znhmkz]v\wsImv I^P\yamb tcmKfpw AXnssaYp\wsImv bP\yamb tcmKfpw DmIpXmbncnpw.

tXjmw hnkqXctim enwKtassIIky kt`jPw
bYmh kw{]yman knm
hkvXnwbm]\m. 

12

ta]dhbpsS Hmtcmntbpw eW hnkvXcnpw Ahbvp NnInbpw ^e{]Zamb bm]\ hkvXnbpw hn[n{]Imcw thXpt]mse hnkvXcnpXcmw.

X{X Dss `mjyXn `mjym`ymw inckvXm] iwJx
\nkvtXmZ t{kmtXm
ƒhtcm[ apJXmepIWvTtimj
ssXancy ]n]mkm Pzc XaI l\pa\ym{K \njvToh
t\mcx ]miziqe kzct`Z lnm izmkmZbx kypx.

13

Dnepw AXnbmbpw D kwkmcwsImv intcmtcmKw, iwJ{]tZiv Ipnt\mhv, t{kmXpI ASptt]mhpI, hmb, Amv, IWvTw Chbn hcĨ, Xnancw, Zmlw, Pzcw, XaIizmkw, l\pkvXw`w, a\ykvXw`w, I^w XppI, s\nepw ]miz`mKpw thZ\, kzct`Zw, Fn izmktcmKw apXembhbpmIpw.

cYtm`m kn]ssiYney l\p\kmIin
cmx iqetXmZ hn hntm`m[vamt\{nb]tcm
[kv^nIv ]mizhwW ISp]rjvTthZ\m kn
kvIl\p{Kohm Zu_eymwKm`n Xm]]mZ tim^
{]kzm]ljWmZbx kypx   

14

cYtm`wsImv knIġpw apn\pw inYneX, XmSnsbv, aqv, sNhn, incv Chbn iqebpw Ipnt\mhpw DmhpI, PTcmnv Cfw, hbdvhov, C{nbġv {KmlyinbnmXncnpI, Bk\w, ]miz`mKw, Ibe, hrjWw, ISo{]tZiw, ]pdw FnhnSfn thZ\, knIfnepw Igpnepw XmSnsbnepw ]nIgpnepw _ebw, Ahbhfn thZ\, ]mZtim^w ]mZn Xcnv, ]mZljw apXembh DmIpw.

AXnNw{IWm ]mZPwtLmcpPT\p hwWt{imWo
]rjvTiqe n kn kmZ ]mZ kmZ\nkv
tXmZ ]nWvUntImtZzjvS\mwK amwkm`nXm] in
cm[a\oljImkmZb: kypx 

15

AXnbmb \SwsImv ]pdwIm, IWwIm, XpSapv, Ibe, t{imWn, ]pdw FnhnSfn thZ\, On, knIġv Xf, ImepIġv Xf, Ipnt\mhv, aknkv DcppIbw, \pdpnt\mhv, NpaevthZ\, kncIġpw [a\nIġpw ljw (io{Lkv]\w) izmktcmKw, Imkw apXembhbpmIpw.

AXymk\m cYtm`P: kv^nIv]miz hwW
hrjW ISo]rjvT thZ\mZb.  

16

AXnbmb CcpwsImv cYtmZP\yfmb Bk\w, ]miz`mKw, Ibe, hrjWw, Acsv, ]pdw FnhnSfn thZ\ apXembhbpmIpw.

APomyi\m`ymw Xp apJtimjm[vam\iqe \n
kvtXmZm ]n]mkmKm{X kmZXnkmc aqNv
OmPzc {]hmlWma hnjmZb  

17

APot`mP\hpw Ayi\hpwsImv apJtimjw, hbdvhov, iqethZ\, Ipnt\mhv, Zmlw, icocn\v Xf, On, AXnkmcw, aq, Pzcw ap, Bahnjw apXembhbpmIpw.

hnjami\mlnXmi\m`ym a\m`nemj Zu_eyssh
hWyIWvUq]mam Km{XmhkmZm hmXmZn{]tIm]Pm
{KlWytim hnImcmZbx   

18

hnjamlmchpw AlnXmlmchpwsImv An B{KlanmXncnpI, _ebw, \ndt`Zw, sNmdn, Nncv, icocn\v Xf, hmXmZntZmjtIm]P\yamb {KlWn, Aiv apXembhbpmIpw.

Znhmkz]v\mZtcmNIm hn]mImn\mikvssXanXy
]mWvUq]mamZmlrywKa lrkvXpwPm
UyX{m\n{Zm{]kwK {KnPa Zu_ey cm
nXm {]te]m `hn.  

19

]IepdpXpsImv AtcmNIw, Zl\bw, Anamyw, kvXw`\w, ]mWvUpXzw, sNmdn, Nncv, Npp\od, On, \pdpnt\mhv, lrZbkvXw`w, PUXzw, aSn, Ftmgpw Ddw hcnI, apgI DmhpI, _ebw, Iv Nphv, hmbn I^w ]pcXpt]msebncnpI FnhbpmIpw.

hyhmbmZmip _e\mtimcpkmZ hkvXnintcmta{V
KpZhwtWmcpkvXw` hrjWPm\p PwLm]mZiqe
lrZbt\{X ]nUmwK ssiYney ip{Iam tim
WnXmKaImkizmk c\njvToh\ _ekzcmhkm
Z ISoZu_sseyImwK ktcmK apjvIizbYp hm
Xhtm aq{XkwK ip{Ihnk PmUyth]Yp
_m[ncy hnjmZb kypx. 

20

ssaYp\wsImv s]sv _ebw, XpS Xf, hkvXn, incv, enwKw, KpZw, Ibe, XpS Chbn kvXw`\w, apv, hrjWw, IWm, ]mZw Chbn iqethZ\, lrZbn\pw In\pw ]oU, icocn\v inYneX, ipamnqSn cw hcnI, Imkw, izmktcmKw, cw XppI, _en\pw kzcn\pw oWw, Acsn\v _ebw, GImwKtcmKw, kmwKtcmKw, hrWn\v how, At[mhmbphn\pw aen\pw aq{Xn\pw XSw, ipwX\nsb {khnpt]mhpI, PmUyX, hndb, sNhntIġmbvI FnhbpmIpw.

A{X ]mSyX Ch KpZw XmUyX CN ta{VahknZXo
Kat\ th]tX lrZbw ]oUyt kbkvXax {]
hniyX Ch tNtXyhajvSm`ntcssh `nc]Nmssctc
tX {]mZp`hyp]{Zhmx.    

21

AXnssaYp\wsImv KpZw ]nfpXpt]msebpw enwKn ASnpXpt]msebpw DmIpw. \Sptm XfbpmIpw. lrZbw hndbvpw. knIġv ]oUbpmIpw. tim[\m\cw kzmhsb {]m]npXn\papv Cu ]d Fv hn[nep A]Nmcw ioenpXmbm Cu ]d D]{Zhym[nI DmIpXmbncnpw.

tXjmw knncpss `mjymXn `mjyPm\ma`ywK
tkztZm]m\mlx [qa]m\ \tkym]cn `kvt\l
]m\ ckocmZn`nhmXlcktmhn[n au\.

D]{Zhhym[nIġp NnIn Dn kwkmcnpIbpw AXnbmbn kwkmcnpIbpw sNbvXXsImpmIp tcmKġv F tXpI, hnbnpI, D]\mltkzZhpw [qa]m\hpw \kyhpw sNpI, Blmcm\cw kvt\l]m\w sNpI Fnhbpw amwkckw, ]m apXemb Fmhn[ hmXlchn[nbpw au\mNcWhpw \XmIpp.

cYtm`mXn Nw{IWWmXymk\Pm\mw kvt\ltkzZm
Zn hmXlcmw I kw \nZm\hnX. 

22

hml\n Ibdn bm{XsNbvXXpsImpw AXnbmbn hgn \SXpsImpw AXnbmbn CcpXpsImpw Dmb D]{Zhhym[nIġv kvt\ltkzZmZn Fmhn[ hmXlc NnInbpw \nZr\h\hpw \XmIpp.

APomyi\Pm\mw \nchtij\w cqx
tkztZm [qa]m\ewL\ ]mN\ Zo]\uj[mhNmcW.

23

APowsImpw Ayi\wsImpw Dmb tcmKġv ZlnmsX tijn Blmcs Onnp IfbpXpw cqtkzZw sNpXpw [qa]m\hpw D]hmkhpw ioenpXpw ]mN\obhpw Zo]\obhpamb Huj[ D]tbmKnpXpw \XmIpp.

hnjamlnXmi\Pm\mw bYmkzw tZmj{Inbm. 

24

hnjami\wsImpw AlnXmi\wsImpw Dmb D]{Zhhym[nIġv AXmXnepmIp tZmjtIm]ġ\pkcn NnIn sNWw.

Znhmkz]v\Pm\mw [qa]m\ewL\ ha\ intcmhntc
N\ hymbma cqm\mZn Zo]\obujt[m]tbmKx
{]ljtWma\ ]cntjN\mZn tivalcx
ktmhn[nx.  

25

]IepdnbXpsImpmb D]{Zhhym[nIġv [qa]m\w, ewL\w, ha\w, intcmhntcN\w (\kyw) hymbmaw, cqmlmcw Ch ioenpXpw Zo]\obuj[fp]tbmKnpXpw icocn Huj[ Nqfnp XncppI, shdpsX XncppI, [mc sNpI apXemb Fmhn[ I^lchn[nIfpw \XmIpp.

ssaYp\Pm\mw Poh\obkntbmx ockntjm
cp]tbmKkvXYm hmXlcmx tkzZm`ywtKm]\mlm hr
jymmlmcmxkvt\lmx kvt\lhn[tbm bm]\mh
kvXtbm
ƒ\p hmk\, aq{XsshIrXhkvXn iq
tejp tNmhkvXnx hnZmcnKmZn KWPoh\ob
KWocknssXew kymZv, bm]\m hkvX
bx kImew tZbmkvXm\p]tZymax.  

26

ssaYp\P\yamb tcmKġv Poh\obKWuj[ tNpImnb ]mepw s\pw D]tbmKnpXpw AXpt]mseXs hmXlcfmb tkzZw, A`ywKw, D]\mlw Fnhbpw hocyhIfmb Blmcfpw kvt\lhn[n{]Imcw ]mIwsNbvX kvt\lfpw bm]\hkvXnbpw kvt\lhkvXnbpw \XmIpp. aq{XtcmKhpw hkvXniqebpw DXn hnZmcnKmZn KWhpw Poh\obKWhpw ]mepw tNpImnb ssXewsImv DchkvXn (aqt{X{nbn sNp hkvXn) sNWw. bm]\hkvXnI Fm Imepw D]tbmKnmhpXmWv. Ahsb D]tZinpXcmw. Atm bm]\ hkvXn HgnsI aphkvXnI Fm Imepw D]tbmKnpIqsSv a\nemWw. "Bbptjm bm]\w ZoLImem\ph\w IqƴoXn bm]\#mhkvXbx'.

apkvtXmioc _emcKz [cmkv\m aRvPnjvTm ISp
tcmlnWo{XmbamWm ]p\hm hn`oXI KpUqNn
ncmZn]aqem\n ]enIm\n JWvUix ]vXm
\n aZ\^em\n NmjvSu {]mfyPemVtI \nIzm
Yb ]mZtitjm ckxocZzn {]bpx ]p\x
irXx ocmhtij: Pmweck: Xpteym ka[pLrX:
iXIpkpam a[pI IpSP^eckmRvP\ {]nbwKp I
oIrXx ksskhx kptJmjvtWmkvXn ip{I
amwkmn _eP\\x oWXImk Kpahnja
Pzc {_[v\IpWvUtemZmh Ipniqe aq{XIr
{mkrKvZctPm hnk {]hmlnIm Imk intcm
Pm\qcpPwLmhkvXn{KlWyivacypamZmix {]tal
[vam\ hmXc ]n tjvahym[nlcx ktZym_
eP\t\mckmb\tXn. 

27

apkvXmZnbm]\ hkvXn ap, cmaw, Ipdptmnthcv, sImsmen, Ac, antmev, ISptcmlnWn, {_n, sXgpXmathcv, Xm\n, NnarXv, Hcnethcv, aqhnethcv, sNdphZn\nthcv, hegpZn\nthcv, sRcnn Ch Hmtcm ]ehpw Fv aemcbpw IgpInXdnSnp \menSgn shůn Ijmbwshp \mensemmbmseSpcnp cnSgn ]mtNp hopw ]mIwsNbvXp ]membmseSpp AXn Xpeyw PmwKamwkckhpw tX\pw s\pw kaambpw tNp NXpI, Ccna[pcw, ISImebcn, ckmRvP\w, Rmgqhv Ch Ievambpw Cpv DNnXamb am{Xbnepw tNp sNdpNqSn hkvXnsNbvXm ipw, amwkw, PTcmn, ew Ch hnpw. XoWw, Imkw, Kpevaw, hnjaPzcw, {_[v\tcmKw, hmXIpWvUenIm, DZmhw, Iniqe, aq{XIr{w, AkrKvZcw, hnkw, {]hmlnIm, Imkw, XethZ\, {KlWntcmKw, Aivacn, DmZw, Aiv, {]talw, hbdv hov, hmXcw, ]nP\yambpw I^P\yambpw DmIp tcmK Fnh ianpw. s]v _es Dmpw. CXv ckmb\hpw IqSnbmIpp.

ime]n ]riv\n ]o _rlXo IImcnIm iz
Zwjv{Smx ]enImx JWvUix ]vXmx ocmVtI
]tN. ]mZmhtij IjmbbpXw iXIpkpamZn I
nXw LrXssXesskha[pbpXw kptJmjvW
\ncqltaIw Zzn{XohmZZym. ktjmtaj
{]ikvXu hntijtXmefnX kpIpamc kv{Xohnlm
c oWtXm ckmw Nncmikm\ma]Xy Imam\m.   

28

Hmcnethcv, aqhnethcv, hhgpZn\thcv, IImcnpthcv, sRcnn Ch Hmtcm ]ew FSpp IgpIn XdnSnp \menSgn ]men Ijmbwshp \mensemmbmseSpcnp AXn apv ]dXpt]mse iXIpkpamZn Ievambpw s\pw FsŮbpw Cppw tX\pw tNp tbmPnnp sNdpNqSn Htm ctm aqtm hkvXn sNWw. Fm tcmKġpw Cu hkvXn \XmIpp. hntijnv efnX kpIpamc icoc {]IrXnmpw ssaYp\wsImv oWnhpw DcXaphpw ]gInb AtimtcmKaphpw km\w thWsam{Klaphpw \XmIpp.

XZz klNc _emaqmaqe imcn_m knt\
]bkm. XYm _rlXoIImcnIm iXmhcoOncp
lmirtX\ ]bkm a[pI aZ\ ]neo InIrtX
[ ]qhZv hkvXn: ]Ym_emXn _emhnZmco im
e]o ]riv\n]o _rlXo IImcnImZ`aqe
Imivacy hnez^kent\ ]bkm a[pI aZ\ I
nIrtX\ a[pLrX kuhe {]bpt\ hkv
Xn: ImkPzc KpaolmnX kv{XoaZynjvSm
\mw ktZym _e P\t\m ckmb\.   

29

Icnpdpnthcv, Ipdptmnthcv, s]cppdpthcv, \mdnngv, ChbnpImnb ]mentem AYhm hhgpZn\thcv, IImcnp, iXmhcnngv, NnarXv ChbnpImnb ]mentem Ccna[pchpw aemcbpw Xnenbpw Acp tNp ap]dXp{]Imcw hkvXn sNWw. A{]Imcw Ipdptmnthcv, B\pdptmnthcv, ]mapXpn Ingv, Hmcnethcv, aqhnethcv, hhgpZn\nthcv, IImcnp, Z`thcv, IapZnthcv, Iqhfmb, ChbnpImnb ]men Ccna[pchpw aemcbpw AcptNp tX\pw s\pw Xqhnemchpw tNp tbmPnnp hkvXn sNWw. Cu bm]\ hkvXnIsImv Imkw, Pzcw, Kpevaw, oltcmKw AnXw Fnh ianpw. kv{XotkhsImpw aZy]m\wsImpw oWnhv Wn _es Dmpw. CXv ckmb\hpamIpp.

_emXn _em cmkv\mcKz[aZ\ KpUqNo ]p
\sshcWvUmizKm klNc]emi tZhZmcp
Zzn]aqem\n ]enIm\n bhtImeIp Zzn
{]krXw ipjvIaqeIm\m Pet{ZmtW knw \n
cql {]amWw tij Ijmbw ]qXw a[pI aZ\ iX
]pjv]m IpjvT]neohNm hIckmRvP\ {]nbw
Kpbam\o IoIrXw KpULrXssXe u{Z o
camwkckmImRvPnI sskhbpw kptJmjv
Ww hkvXnw ZZym, ip{Iaq{Xhkma\neKpa
lrt{ZmKm[vam\ {_[v\ ]rjvTISo{Klkwm\m
i _etbjp hm.    

30

Ipdptmnthcv, B\pdptmnthcv, Ac, sImsmen, aemc, Iqhfwthcv, NnarXv sXgpXmathcv, BhWnthcv, Aapcw, Icnpdpnthcv, NaXsmen, tZhXmcw, Ziaqew, Ch Hmtcm ]ew, epcp, apXnc, DWnb apn Ch \mep]ew FmwIqSn 16 CSgn shůn Ijmbwshp hkvXnv thp{XbmbmseSpcn AXn Ccna[pcw aemcbv, NXpIp, sImw, Xnen, hbv, IpSImebcn, ckmRvP\w, Rmhqhv, PocIw Ch AcptNp ic, s\v, ssXew, tX, ]m amwkckw, ]pfnImSn, Cpv Chbpw tNp tbmPnnp sNdpNqSn hkvXn sNWw. CXv ipaq{X aetcm[fnepw hmXP\yamb Kpevalrt{ZmKm[vam\fnepw {_[v\tcmKw, ]pdpw Acsnepw DmIp ]nSpw, Hmpdhv, _ebw Fnhbnepw {]tbmKnphm \XmIpp.

l]pjmIpUth ZznKptWmƒpbh: o
tcmZIkn: octitjm a[pLrXw ssXe eh
WbptmhkvXn: kmwi hnkrXhmXc ip
{Ihnaq{X kv{XotJZnX lntXm hmXltcm_pn
ta[mn_e P\\tXn.    

31

ASmaWnbthcv cv ]ehpw ]IpXn Dan If bhw \mev ]ehpwIqSn ]mepw shhpw tNXn Ijmbwsh ]membmseSpcnp AXn tX, s\v, F, Cpv Ch tNp tbmPnnp hkvXn sNWw. CXv kmwKfnepw hym]n hmXcw, ipaeaq{Xtcm[w kv{Xo tkhsImp oWw Fnhbn \XmIpp. hmXlcamWv. _pn [mcWmin, PTcmn, _ew Chsb DmpIbpw sNpw.

lrkz]aqeo Ijmb: otcmZIkn: ]n
eoa[pI aZ\ IoIrX kKpULrX ssXe eh
W: oW hnjaPzc IrjnXky hkvXn:. 

32

sNdp]aqew ]mepw shhpw tNp Ijmbw shp ]membmseSpcnp AXn Xnen, Ccna[pcw, aemc Ch Acp tNp icbpw s\pw tX\pw ssXehpw Cppw tNp tNp tbmPnnp oWnh\pw hnjaPzcaph\pw hkvXn sNWw.

_emXn _em]mamm Kp]vXmjp ]em
p bhmRvPen Ijmb: ]qhZvhkvXn: kv
Yhnc Zp_e oWip{I cp[ncmWmw ]yXax.

33

Ipdptmnthcv, B\pdptmnthcv, ISemSnthcv, \mbnpcWhnv Ch \mepwIqSn 8]ehpw ]IpXn Ipnb bhw 4]ehpw IqSn ]mepw shhpw tNp Ijmbwshp ]membmseSpcnp AXn Xnenbpw Ccna[pchpw aemcbvbpw Acp tNp icbpw s\pw tX\pw ssXehpw Cppw tNp tbmPnnp hkvXn sNWw. CXv hrmpw ipw bnhpw cw bnhpw Ghpw \XmIpp.

_ema[pI hnZmco Z`aqe arZzoImbssh. Ijmb
amtP\ ]bkm]p\: ]zm a[pLrXsskhw
Pzcmtt`ym hnZZym.   

34

Ipdptmnthcv, Ccna[pcw, ]mapXpnIngv, Z`thcv, apncn, bhw Ch Fncn shůn Ijmbwshp \mensemmbmseSpcnp AXn Xpeyw Bn ]m tNp hopw ]mIw sNbvXp ]membmseSpp AXn Ccn a[pchpw aemcbpw AcptNp tX\pw s\pw Cppw tNp tbmPnnp Pzc]oUnX\v hkvXn sNWw.

ime]o ]riv\]o tKmpc Itme Imiv
acy ]cqjI Jqc ^ea[pI ]pjvss]cPm o
cPe {]m`ymw knx Ijmbx ]oeoa[ptIm
]e InXx kLrX sskhx otW{nb
hnjaPzc IjnXky hkvXnx {]ikvXx  

35

Hmcnethcv, aqhnethcv, sRcnn, Xtmew, IapZnImb, Nno, Cugw, aemc, Ccnqhv. Ch HcnSgn Bn]mepw HcnSgn shhpw tNp Ijmbwshp \mensemmbmseSpcnp AXn Xnen, Ccna[pcw, \oemac, Ch AcptNp s\pw Cppw tNp tbmPnnp C{nb oWaphpw hnjaPzcwsImv icocw saenhpw hkvXnsNphm \XmIpp.

ncmZn]aqeo ]]te\ imenjjvSnI bh
tKm[qaamj Ijmb ]{]krtX\ OmK]bx irXw
]mZtijw IpSmWvU cka[pLrX ic ssk
h kuhebptm hkvXn hrjyXtam _
eh P\\.  

36

ncmZn, sNdp]aqew 5]ew, sNscn, \hcbcn, bhw, tKmXv, Dgpv Ch Cu cv ]ew FmwIqSn ]men Ijmbwshp \mensemmbmseSpcnp AXn tImgnapbpsS ckw (apssew) tX, s\v, ic, Cpv, Xphnemcw Ch tNv tbmPnnp sNp hkvXn hocys hnnpXpw _etbpw h{]kmZtbpw DmpXpamIpp.

bm]\m hkvXtbm ZzmZi I]ssjmw inJntKm
\ lwkmWvU ctkjp `hXn. kXnncnx ka
bqcx kcmP lwk]aqeo knw ]bx iXIp
am a[pI cmkv\mISP^e ]neoIw LrXssXe
KpUsskhbptXm hkvXn _eh ip{IP\
t\m ckmb\ 

37

CXphsc ]d 12bm]\kvXnIfn abn \om, Acbw, ChbpsS ckw tNp hkvXn sNmhpXmWv. XnncnnbpsS amwkhpw sNdp]aqehpw tNpw abnens amwkhpw sNdp]aqehpw tNp Acbns amwkhpw ]aqehpw tNpw ]mjmbapmn AXn NXpIp, Ccna[pcw, Ac, IpSIbcn, Xnen Ch AcptNp s\pw Fbpw icbpw Cppw tNp tbmPnnp sNp hkvXn _etbpw htbpw hnnpw. ckmb\hpamIpp.

Zzn]aqen IppSckknw ]bx ]mZtijw ]n
eo a[pI aZ\ cmkv\m a[pII w icm a[pLr
Xbpw kv{XojzXnImam\mw _eP\t\mhkvXnx.

38

Ziaqehpw tImgnamwkhpw ]men Ijmbwshp \mensemmbmseSpcnp AXn Xnen, Ccnqhv, aemc, Ac, Ccna[pcw Ch AcptNp icbpw tX\pw s\pw tNp tbmPnnp hkvXnsNbvXm AXnbmb kv{XohnjbwsImv _ew bnhv _es Dmpw.

abqcaZvKp ]n] ]mZmkym{w Xyzm kv
YncmZn`nx ]enssIx klPte]bkn ]zm o
ctijw am\hnZmcn ]neo iXIpkpam bjvSna[pI
IoIrXw a[pLrXkuhbpw hkvXnw Z
Zym kv{XojzXn {]k otW{ntbmt`ym _
ehIcx.  

39

abnentbpw \ombptSbpw ]nw, NndIv, Im, Xe, IpS Ch \ow sNbvXp ncmZneLp ]aqew Hmtcm ]ew tNp ]mepw shhpw IqSntXn Ijmbwshp ]membmseSpcnp AXn aemc, ]mapXpnIngv, Xnen, NXpI, Ccna[pcw Ch AcptNp tX\pw s\pw Cppw tNp tbmPnnp hkvXn sNWw. CXv AXnbmbn kv{Xotkh sNbvXhpw C{nb oWnhpw \XmIpp. _etbpw h{]kmZtbpw DmpIbpw sNpw.

I]ssj hnjvInc {]XpZ {]klmw_p Ntc
jp kymZotcm tcmlnXmZnjp N atkyjp. 

40

abnentbpw \ombptSbpw amwkckwsImv hkvXn sNm ]dXpt]mse kq{Xm\n ]d 20hn[w hnjvIncnIfptSbpw 30hn[w{]XpZnIfptSbpw 29hn[w {]klnIfptSbpw 27hn[w PeNc PohnIfptSbpw 9hn[w tcmlnXmZn ayfptSbpw amwkckn ap]dXpt]mse ^emZnI Ievamnbpw a[pLrXsskhfpw tNp hkvXn, sNmhpXmWv. Fm Chbn ]mtNm ]mSpX.

tKm[m\Ipe ammc aqjnI iI amwkm\mw Zi]
em `mKm k]aqem ]bkn ]zm tijw
X ]b: ]neo^e Isskh kuhe
icm a[pLrX ssXebptm hkvXn _teym
ckmb\x oW X km\Ic aYntXmckvIc
YKPlb hmX_emiI {]hrXypZmhhmX aq{X
hmip{ImWmw lnXXa. 

41

DSpv, Iocn, ]q, Fen, apų]n ChbpsS amwkw ]v ]ehpw al]aqew ]v ]ehpwIqSn \mencn hmen Ijmbwshp \mensemmbmseSpcnp AXn Xnen, aemc, Ch AcptNp Cpv, Nhmcw, ic, tX, s\v, ssXew Chbpw tNv tbmPnnp hkvXn sNWw. CXv _es DmpXpw ckmb\hpamWv. Dcnepmb Xs kn tNpw. kmlk {]hnsImv Dcnepmb aY\w, cYnepw B\pdpw IpXncpdpw Ibdn bm{X sNbvXXpsImv icocnepmb aY\w hmtXmZmhw, It^mZmhw Fnh CXvsImv ianpw. At[mhmbp, aq{Xw, aew, ipw ChbpsS XSs Xophm CXv Ghpw \XmIpp.

IqmZn\ma\yXa ]ninXknw ]tbm tKmhrj
lwk IppS ck LrXa[picm sskthp
cka[pIma Kp]vX^e Ibptm hkvXn
hrm\m]n _eP\\x.

42

Ba, Non apXembhbpsS amwkckn \mencn ]m tNp Imn ]membmseSpp AXn ]ip, t]mv, Acbw, tImgn ChbpsS amwkckhpw s\v, tX, ic, Cpv Chbpw Icnn\ocpw Ccna[pchpw \mbnpcpW hnpw AcXpw tNp tbmPnnp sNp hkvXn hrmvt]mepw _es Dmpw.

tKmhrj _kvXhcmlhrjW ISI iim ko
ocaptSp cImaKp]vXm a[pLrXbpIv
Xw InnhWw hkvXnx.

43

Imf, t]mv, BSv, ]n ChbpsS hrjWhpw Rntbpw apbentbpw amwkhpw tNp Imnb ]men s]cpapbpw hbpn hnpw \mbnpcW hnpw AcptNp tX\pw s\pw Aev]w Cppw tNp tbmPnnp sNp hkvXn hrmvt]mepw _es Dmpw.

ISIckSImWvU ckbpt ka[pLrX i
tcmhkXncntXytX hkvXbx ]cahrjym DS
tIpc ImKp]vXm irXoc {]Xnt`mP\m
kv{XoKXKman\w \cw Ipcypx. 

44

Rns amwkckn NSInbpsS AWvUckhpw tX\pw s\pw icbpw tNp sNp hkvXnbpw IqmZnIfpsS amwkckn sNp hkvXnbpw Ghpw hrjyamIpp. Cu hkvXnI sNp Imew s]cpapbpw hbpnhnpw \mbnpcWhnpw CpImnb ]m Blmcn\v A\p]m\ambn IpSnWw, C{]Imcw sNp ]pcpj \qdv kv{Xosb {]m]nphm ka\mbnocpw.

Ziaqe abqc IppSlwkIzmYm ]{]krssX
a[pssXe LrXhkmaNXp: {]krX kwbpx
iX]pjv]ml]pjm IoIrXx kehtWmhkvXnx
]mZKpt^mcpPm\p PwL{XnIhwW hkvXn hr
jWm\ne tcmKlcx arKhnjvIncm\q] hoteibm
\mtatXss\h It]\ hkvXtbm tZbmx.  

45

Ziaqew, abnamwkw, tImgnamwkw, Acbamwkw ChsbmwIqSn sh Ijmbw 10]ew, tX ssXew, s\v, hk, a Ch 8]ew FmwIqSn tNp AXn NXpI, ASmaWnbthcv Ch AcptNp Aev]w Cppw tNp tbmPnnp hkvXn sNWw. CXv ]mZw, s\cnbmWn, XpS, apv, IWm, Acsv, Ibe, hkvXn{]tZiw, hrjWw Fo m\fnep hmXhnImcXs \innpw. am, hnjvIncn, B\q]Pohn amfn ]mp Pohn ChbpsS amwkckn ta]dXp{]Imcw hkvXnsNbvXm ]mZ Kp^mZnIfnse hmbphnImcw ianpw.

a[pLrX Zzn{]krXw XpteymjvtWmZIw iX]pjv
]m]ew sskhmmbptm hkvo
hrjyXtam aq{XIr{ ]nXhmXlc.

46

tX\pw s\pw 4]ew Xpeyw NqSv shw tNp AXn Acew NXpI AcXpw Hcgv Cppw tNp tbmPnnp sNp hkvXn Ghpw hrjyamIpp. aq{XIr{w, ]nhnImcw, hmXhnImcw Chsb \inpIbpw sNpw.

ktZymLrXssXe hkma NXpx {]LrXw
l]pjv]m]ew sskhmmbptm hm
kvXn hrjyXtam aq{XIr{ ]nhym[nltcm
ckmb\x.  

47

AtmsgSp LrXsse hkmaI (NXpx kvt\lw) \menSgn FSpp AXn Acew ASmaWnb thccXpw Hcgv Cppw tNp tbmPnnp sNp hkvXn Ghpw hrjyamIpp. aq{XIr{hpw ]ntcmKhpw ianpw. ckmb\hpamIpp.

a[pssXew NXpx {]krXw XpteymjvtWmZIw iX
]pjv]m]ew sskhmbptm h
kvXn: Zo]t\m _rwltWm _ehItcm \ncp]
{ZthmhrjyXtam ckmb\x Iran IpjvTmZmh Kp
amtim {_v\ ol tallcx. 

48

tX\pw Fbpw 8]ew kaw NqSpshhpw Aew NXpIp AcXpw Hcgv Cppw tNp tbmPnnp sNp hkvXn Zo]\hpw _rwlWhpw _ehsf DmpXpw bmsXmcp]{ZhapmmXpw Ghpw hrjyhpw ckmb\hpamWv. {Inan, IpjvTw, DZmhw, Kpevaw, Aiv, {_[v\tcmKw, oltcmKw, {]talw Chsb iannpXpamIpp.

XZz kla[pLrXm`ymw ]bkvXpteym hkvXnx
]qIt]\ _ehItcm hrjyXtam \ncp]{Z
thm hkvXn ta{V]mI ]cnInIm aq{XIrNv
{O ]nhym[nltcm ckmb\.  

49

ap]dXp{]Imcw tX\pw s\pw FSpv Xpeyw ]m tNp NXpI AcXpw Cppw tNv tbmPnnp sNp hkvXn _etbpw h{]kmZtbpw Dmpw. hrjyamWv. \ncp]{ZhhpamWv. CXv hkvXnbnepw enwKnepw DmIp ]gpv, KpZn apdnpXpt]mse thZ\, aq{XIr{w, ]ntcmKw Fnhsb iannpw. ckmb\hpamWv.

a[pLrXm`ymw amwkckXpteym apkvXmbpx
]qhZvhkvXnx _emi ]mZlj Kpa Pm\qcp
IRvP\ hkvXn hnjWta{V{XntImcp]rjvTiqelcx 

50

tX\pw s\pw 8]ew FSpp Xpepw amwkckw tNp aqv Igv apbpw AcptNp ap]dXpt]mse hkvXn sNbvXm I^tcmKw, ]mZtcmKw, Kpevaw, apn\pw XpSpw DmIp ktmNw, hkvXn, hrjWw, enwKw, Acsv, XpS]pdw Fo m\fnepmIp ipethZ\ Fnh ianpw.

kpcmkuhoc Ipe amwkck a[pLrXssXe k]v
X{]krXw apkvX iXmlzm InXw kehtWmh
kvXnx khmXtcmKlcx

51

kpc, kuhocIw, apXncbpsS ckw, amwkckw tX, s\v, F ChsbmwIqSn 14]ew FSpv AXn apbpw NXpIbpw AcptNv Cppw tNp tbmPnnp sNp hkvXn Fmhn[ hmXtcmKsfbpw iannpw.

Zzn]aqen {Xn^em hnezaZ\ ^eIjmtbm tKm
aq{Xkn IpSP aZ\^e apkvXI I kwbp
: sskhbmhiqI u{ZssXebptXm hkv
Xn: tjvahym[nltcm htym hmX ip{IkwKmPo
hnjp]nIm ektIjptZbx 

52

Ziaqe, {Xn^etmSv, Iqhfmb, aemc, Ch tKmaq{Xn Ijmbwshp AXn IpSImebcn, aemc, ap, Ch AcptNp Cppw Nhmchpw tX\pw Fbpw tNp tbmPnnp sNp hkvXn I^tcmKs iannpw h{]kmZs Dmpw. hmXkwKw, ipkwKw, APow, hnjqNnI, AekIw Fnhbnepw Cu hkvXn sNmhpXmWv.

AX Duzw hrjyXam kvt\lm hymJymkymax.
iXmhco KpUpNop hnZmcymaeI {Zmm Jq
cmWmw b{]oUnXm\mw ck{]w ]rYtKssI
Iw XZzZv LrXssXem`ymw tKmalnjyPm ocmWmw
ZzuZzuZZym. PohIj`I taZm almtaZm XzIv o
co irKmSI a[qenIm a[ptImS ]neo ]pjvI
c_oP \ntem]e IZw_]pjv] ]pWvUcoI tIi
c Im hrjcp amPkIppS NSI NtImc
am_ln PohohI IenwKI \oelw km
\mw kcw hkm aRvtPm {]wZXzm km[tb
. {_tLmj iwJ]Sl t`co\n{lmssZx kn
w knX{X IrXmbm KPkvIamtcml
tb. `Khw hrj`[zPa`n]qPyXw kvt\lw {Xn
`mKamnIw kamnIw hm awKeminx kvXpXn
tZhXmss\ hkvXnw Katb. \rWmw k{Xohn
lmcmWmw \jvStcXmw kXoW hnja Pzcm
m\mw hym] tbm\o\mw hym\mw cKp
an\o\mw arXo]Xym\ma\mXhm\m kv{XoWmw Iv
joWamwk cp[ncmWmw ]yXaw ckmb\apaw
heo]enX\mi\w hnZym. 

53

C\n hrjyfmb kvt\lsf hnhcnpXcmw. iXmhcnngv, NnmarXv, Icn, ]mapXpn Ingv, s\n, apncn, Cugw Ch Hmtcmpw b{nenp ]ngn shw Hmtcm CSgn, A{]Imcw s\v, ssXew, ]iphn]m, Fcpam, Bn]m Ch CucnSgn AXn PohIw, CShIw, taZ, almtaZ, aqfqcw, Ibnap, Xnen, ]pjvIc_oPw, \oemac, ISn]qhv, Xmacbn Ch Iw tNv ]pnam, ]pnpen, tImgn, NSIn, sNtmv, Ipbn, abn, PohRvPohIn, IenwKn, \oe Acbw ChbpsS amwkckw, hk, a Ch HcnSgn tNp ]mIw sNWw. ]mIw sNptm thZ DcnpIbpw iwJv hnfnpIbpw ]Slt`cnI apgpIbpw shsImpS ]nSnp B\pdsgpnpIbpw inh]qP sNpIbpw thWw. AXn\ptijw kvt\ln aqnsemcp `mKtam A{XXstbm tXtNp awKfhN\w, BinhN\w, kvXpXn CjvStZhXm ]qP Ch sNbvXp hkvXn sNWw. CXv AXnbmbn kv{Xotkh sNphpw, hocyw \jvSshpw, XoWmpw, hnjaPzc ]oUnXpw, tbm\nhym]phpw, hyXIġpw, cKpevaaphpw, K`n Ipn acnpt]mIphpw, Bhanmhpw, amwkhpw chpw bnhpw Ghpw \XmIpp. CXv Daamb ckmb\amWv. Pcm\csb \innpXpamsWdnbWw.

_emtKmpcI cmkv\mizKm iXmhco klN
cmWmw iXw iXamtbmPy Pet{ZmW itX {]km[yw.
Xkvan Pet{ZmWmhtij ctk hkv{X]qtX hn
ZmcymaeI kzcktbm hkvXalnj hcmlhrjIp
pS_lnlwk ImcWvUck ckm\mw LrXssXe
tbmssssIIw ]rYIv{]w AjvSu {]kv
Ym ocWy ZXzm N\a[qfnIm Xzvjocn
hnk arWmtfm]e ]tSme ^eKp]vXmk]mIoXm
eaJqc arZzoImXmaeIo IImco PohI
j`I p{Zklmalm klm iXmhcotaZm ]neo
{lot_cXzIv ]{XIm ZXzm km[tb {_
tLmjmZn\m hn[n\m Xknw hkvXnamZZym
. tX\ kv{XoiXw Kt \ ssNhm{X Zt
hnlmcmlmc b{Wm IzNn. Gjhrtjym h
tym _rwlWw Bbptjym heo]enX\p X
oW \jvSip{I hnjaPzcmm\mw hym] tbm
\o\m ]yXax.  

54

Ipdptmnthcv, sRcnn, Ac, Aappcw, iXmhcnngv, Icnpdpnthcv Ch Hmtcmpw \qdv \qdv ]ew, 1600CSgn shůn Ijmbwshp 16CSgn BbseSpcnp AXn ]mapXpn Ingns \ocv 1CSgn, s\nm\ocv 1CSgn, BSv, t]mv, ]n, Imf, tImgn, abn, Acbw, \oe Acbw, hmcwtImgn Ch Hmtcmntbpw amwkckw Hmtcm CSgn, s\v 1CSgn, F 1CSgn ]m 8CSgn Ch tNp N\w, s]cppdpthcv, apfqcw, Xmacngv, Xmachf, \oemac, Imp]tSmew, \mbnpcWhnv, A]mIn, ]\qv, Cu]gw, apncn, Iogms\n, IImcnp, PohIw, CShIw, Impgpv, Imp]bdv, iXmhcnngv, taZ, almtaZ, Xnen, Ccpthcn, CehwKw, ]ne Ch Ievambpw tNv kvt\l]mIhn[n{]Imcw ]mIw sNWw. ap]dXp t]mse thtZmmcWmZnI sNbvXv Cu s\vsImv hkvXn sNWw. Cu hkvXn sNbvXm \qdv k{XoIsf {]m]nmw. Cu hkvXn sNptm BlmchnlmcmZnIġv bmsXmcp \nb{Whpw Bhiyan. CXv hrjyhpw h{]kmZs DmpXpw icocs XSnnpXpw Bbpns\ hnnpXpw Pcm\cIsf t]mpXpamIpp. XoWmpw ipw \inhpw hnjaPzcw sImv ]oUnphpw tbm\ntcmKap kv{XoIġpw Ghpw \XmIpp.

klNc ]eiXapZI t{ZmtW itX ]zm t{ZmW
titjck ]qtX hnZmcnpck {]m`ymajvSKp
Wocw LrXssXe{]w _ema[pI a[qI N
\ a[qfoIm imcn_m taZm almtaZm ImtImfo oc
ImtImfo ]bkymKpcp aRvPnjvTm hy{L\J iTo
klNco kl{khocym hcmwKtem{mWma am
ss{X ZznKpWisscx Issx km[tb. {_
tLmjmZn\m hn[n\m Xknw hkvXnw ZZym
, Gj ktcmKltcm ckmbt\m ee\m\mw t{i
jvtTm x ]pcNmcnWo\mw. X b hmX]n
thZ\m Imkizmklc kv{Xn`mKamntIm Ime h
eo]enX\pZv hcq]_eamwk ip{Ih\x,
GtX ckmb\x kvt\lhkvXb kXnhn`th iX
]mImx kl{k]mIm hm Imcym hocy _em[m\m
anXo.  

55

100]ew Icnpdpnthcv, 1600CSgn shůn Ijmbwshp 16CSgn BbmseSpcnp AXn ]mapXpn Ingns ckw HcnSgnbpw Icnn\ocv HcnSgnbpw FnSgn ]mepw HcnSgn s\pw HcnSgn Fbpw Ipdptmnthcv, Ccna[pcw, Ccnqhv, N\w, s]cppdpthcv, \mdnngv, taZ, almtaZ, ImtImfn, ocImtImfn, AS]XnbIngv, AIn, ]qhw, ]penphSv, Iqcw, Icnpdpnthcv, IdpIpv, CehwKw, ]msmnsmen, Ch apqv Igv Ievambpw Bdv Igv icbpw tNp ]mIwsNWw. CXv Fmhn[ tcmKtfbpw \innpw. ckmb\amWv. Ax]pcn hknp kv{XoIġv CXv Ghpw t{ijvTamWv. Dcx Xw, bw, hmX]nthZ\, Imkw izmktcmKw Chsb \innpw. CXn aqnsemcp `mKw tX tNp hkvXn sNbvXm AImepmIp Pcm\cI \inpw. hw, cq]w, _ew, amwkw, ipw Ch hnpw, Cu ]d kv\l hkvXnIsfmw ckmb\amIpp. Fm Cu ]d LrXtbmKsfmw \qtdm Bbnctam {]mhiyw BhnsSpm hocyw IqSpX hnpw.

`hnNm{XtmImx
CtXytX hkvXbx kvt\lmtm bm]\
kwXmx
kzm\mamXpcmWm hrm\mm hntcm[n\mx.
AXnhyhmb ioem\mw ip{Iamwk_e {]Zmx
ktcmK {]ia\m ktjzr Xp jp buKnImx. 
\mcoWma{]PmXm\mw \cmWmm]y]XyZmx
D`bmIcm ZrjvSx kvt\lhkvXn \ncqltbmx

56

 

57

C{]Imcw bm]\kvt\lfpw bm]\ hkvXnIfpw ]dbsp. Cu ]d bm]\hkvXnI kzmpw tcmKnIġpw hrmpw hncpambnpX. AXmbXv Fmhpw Hcpt]mse D]tbmKnmhpXmWv. CXv AXnbmbn kv{XotkhsNphcpsS iptbpw amwktbpw _etbpw hnnpXmWv. CXv Fm tcmKsfbpw iannpw. Fm EXpfnepw {]tbmKnmhpXpamWv. km\anm kv{XoIġpw ]pcpjmpw CXvsImv km\apmIpw. Cu ]d kvt\lhkvXnsImv icocn\v kv\nKvXbpw IjmbhkvXnsImv tim[\bpw DmIpw.

hymbmtam ssaYp\w aZyw a[zm inincaw_pN
kwt`mP\w cYtmt`m hkvXntjzXjp KlnXw.

58

hymbmaw, ssaYp\w, aZy]m\w, am[zoImZyw, XWpshw, APot`mP\w, Ayi\w apXemb kwt`mP\w, icocn\v tm`apmp hn[nep khmcn Fnh bm]\hkvXn sNp Ahkcn \nnXamIpp.

inJntKm\ lwkmWvssU ZhZv hkvXb
kv{Xb!
hnwiXn hnjvInssckv{Xnwi {]XpcsZx
{]kssl\hx.  
hnwiXn XYmk]vX hnwiXnmw_pNmcn`nx
\h aymZn`nssh inJnIt]\ hkvXbx 
ZiISImssZ IqIt]\ hkvXbx
arssK k]vXZssitIm\ hnwiXn hnjvInssc \h.
B\qss] ZinJnhZv `qissb NXpi
GtIm\ {XnwiZntXytX kl kvt\sslx kamkXx 
t{]mm hnkvXctim`nm tZzitX tjmUtimtc.

59

60

61

62

63

tImgnapbpsS ckn hkvXnsNm ]dXpt]mse abn, \om, Acbw ChbpsS AWvUckn sNm ]d hkvXn3, hnjvIncnIfpsS ckwsImv sNm ]dbs hkvXn20, {]XpZnItfsmv30, {]klnItfsmv29, PeNcPohnItfsmv27, aymZnIsfsmv9, IqIev]kZriw ISIImZnIsfsmv10, arKsfsmv17, hnjvIncnIsfsmv19, B\q]PohnItfsmv9, `qibPohnItfsmv24, Npcpn kvt\lhkvXn klnXw ]d bm]\hkvXnI29 C{Imcw 216hkvXnI hnkvXcnp ]dbsp.

GtXamnI kwbpmx IpƴyXnhrjw\cw
\mXntbmKw \ hm tbmKw kvXw`nXmkvtX\ IptX.

64

Cu ]d 216 hkvXntbmKfn tX tNp]tbmKnpXmbm a\pjys\ IqSpX hrjyhm\mnopXmbncnpw, IqSmsX tX tNv Aev]w kvXw`nnpItbm hkvXnsb \nb{npItbm sNbvXm AXntbmKtam AtbmKtam hpt]mIpX.

arZpXzm \nht ZrjvSzmtXztX {]tbmPnXmx
kaqss{X hkvXn`nkvXovssWcmm]y
n{]tahN. 

65

Cu ]d hkvXnIfpsS arZpXzwsImv hkvXn {Zhyw ]pdtv hcmsX ImWpIbmsWn DSs\ Xs tKmaq{Xw tN XovW hkvXn{ZhywsImv Bm]\w (IjmbhkvXn) sNWw.

timjmn\mi ]mWvUpXz Kpamix ]coInIm
PzcsshmXnkmc bm]\mXytkh\m.
AcnjvS ocko[zmZymkvXt{XjvSm Zo]\o{Inbm
bpymXkvamntjthX bm]\m \ {]kwKXx 

66

67

bm]\hkvXn thXnepw IqSpXembn sNbvXpt]mbm icoctimjw, PTcmn\miw, ]mWvUptcmKw, Kpevaw, Aiv, KpZn apdnpXpt]msebp thZ\, Pzcw, AXnkmcw FnhbpmIpw. AXn\v AcnjvSw, ]m, ko[paZyw apXembhbpw Zo]\{Inbbpw \XmIpp. bm]\hkvXn XpSbmbn sNbvXm timjmZnIfpmIpsaXvsImv XpSbmbn sNmsX bpn]qw sNtXmWv.

CXypss `mj]qmWmw hym]Zx k NnInkn
Xmx hnkvXtcW ]rYIv t{]mmkvtXt`ym ct
kZm\cm. Dss `mjymZntXm \rWmw PbtX
ln kZm`bw.

68

Dss`mjycYtm`mZn Fvhn[ `mhtfsmpmIp hym]pfpw AhbpsS NnInbpw {]tXyIw {]tXyIw hnkvXcnp hnhcnsp. Cu Fphn[ `mhfn\nv a\pjysc Ftmgpw cntXmWv. ImcWw Dss `mjymZnIfn \nv a\pjyv tcmK`bw Ftmgpw DmIpXmWv.

IWmw ha\mZo\ma karKv tbmP\m]Zmw
btYmw km[\w mt\ knnm\w XZpNytX.

69

ha\ hntcN\m m]\mZn IfpsS sXmb {]tbmKwsImpmIp hym]pIġv hn[n{]Imcw NnIn ]d m\ambXpsImv Cu m\n\v knnm\w Fv ]dbpp.

CXyymbiXw hnwiam{Xb ap[nhmMvabw
lnXmw {]mWn\m t{]manthti\[oaXm.
ZoLambpcbix kzmyw {Xnhm]n
]pjvIew
kwknnapam temtI e`tX hn[n\m ]m   

70

71

C{]Imcw KZy]ZymIamb 120Aymbs Bt{Xb aljn hmm D]tZinsXv temIlnXmw _pnam\mb Anthi\m DmsXmWv Cu kwlnX, B \qncp]Xymbw kam]nncnpp. kq{Xm\w Aymbw30, \nZm\m\w Aymbw8, hnam\m\w Aymbw8 imcocm\w Aymbw8 C{nbm\w Aymbw12, NnInmm\w Aymbw30, Iev]m\w Aymbw12, knnm\w Aymbw12 BsI 120Aymbw, Cu kwlnX hn[n{]Imcw ]Tnph ZoLmbpv, biv, BtcmKyw [mImatam Daamb ^eknn Fnh A\p`hnpXmbncnpw.

kwn]vXaY hnkvXow tetimw
hnkvXrWmXnN
kwkvIm IpcptX X{w ]pcmW ]p\hw.
AXkvXt{maanZw NctIWmXn _pn\m
kwkvIrXw X\p kwkrjvSw hn`mtKt\m] eytX
XѦcw `oX]Xnw kw{]kmZy kam]b
AKWvUmw ZrV_temPmXx ]\tZ]ptc 
IrXzm_lp`ykvXt{t`ym hntijm _tembw
k]vXZiuj[mymb knnIss]c ]qcb.   

72

73

74

75

Cu ]pcmW X{s CXns kwkvImhv hnkvXcnXns\ Npcpnbpw NpcpndXns\ hnkvXcnpw hopw DNnXambn \hoIcnsncnpp. Daamb Cu X{s kwkvcnsXv AXn_pnam\mb NcI aljnbmIpp. AXn sNdnb `mKw AXmbXv NnInm m\nse 17Aymbhpw Iev]m\w 12Aymbhpw knnm\w 11Aymbhpw IqSn 41Aymbw inh{]kmZm ]\Z]pcn (hmcmWknbn) P\n ZrV_me F BNmcy\m ]qoIcnsSpIbmWpmbXv. NnInmm\nse 17Aymbhpw knn m\hpw Iev]m\hpw ZrV_emNmcy ]qcnnXv av X{fn shv hntijsXpw alpw Bbncpp.

CZa\yq\ i_vZmw X{w tZmjhnhntX
jSv{XnwiXm hnNn{Xw ln `qjnXw X{bpn`nx.

76

Cu X{w i_vZ\yq\Xbpw A\yq\Xbpw CmXmWv. CXn X{tZmjfn. Cu X{w hnNn{Xfmb 36X{bpnIfn AecnsXmIpp.

X{Xm[nIcWw tbmtKmtl Xztmƒx ]Zky N
{]tZtimti \nti hmIytijmx {]tbmP\w. 
D]tZim]tZimXn tZimm]n \nbmx
{]kwssKIm ss\Imx kmNhm hn]cybx.
]q] hn\m\m\p aXhymJym\ kwibmx
AXoXm\mKXmthm kzkwtmly kapbmx 
\nZi\w \nN\w kntbmtKm hnI]\w
{]XypmckvXtYmmcx kw`hkvX{bpbx  
Xt{kam khymtkmm `htyXmln Irkv\ix
GItZti\ ZrjvSzmXp kamkm`nlnXw bYm.  

77

78

79

80

81

X{bpnI 1A[nIcWw, 2tbmKw, 3tlXz, 4]Zmw, 5{]tZiw, 6Dtiw, 7\ntiw, 8hmIytijw, 9{]tbmP\w, 10D]tZiw, 11A]tZiw, 12AXntZiw, 13Am]n, 14\nbw, 15{]kwKw, 16GImw, 17Ass\Imw, 18A]hw, 19hn]cybw, 20]q]w, 21hn[m\w, 22A\paXw, 23hymJym\w, 24kwibw, 25AXoXmthWw, 26A\mKXmthWw, 27kzkwm, 28Dulw, 29kapbw, 30\nZi\w, 31\nN\w, 32kntbmKw, 33hnIev]\w, 34{]XypmcWw, 35Dmcw, 36kw`hw Ch X{bpnIfmIpp. Cu X{bpnIfpsS eW ]qambpw hnhcnphm Ipdp {]bmkapv. Fncpmepw ChbpsS Aev]w Nne eW hnhcnmw. A[nIcWw = baa[n IrXy DNytX XZ[nIcWw. AYhm A[nIcWw {]kvXmh: tbmKw = tb\hmIyw bpPytX k tbmK: tbmKm\ma tbmP\m hykvXm\mw ]Zm\mta IoIcWw, tlXzw = bZ\ypZpa\ymkm[Iw `hXn k tlXz: AYhm bZ\y{Xm`nlnXa\yt{Xm] ]ZytX. kp{itX kam\ "KpWm`ym`km ln [mXp\ma`n hrn ImcWw' CXn. ]Zmw = tbmƒtmƒ`nlnXx kqt{X ]tZ hm k ]Zmx, A]cnanXm ]Zmmx, AYhm ]Zky ]mZtbm ]Zm\mw hm tbmƒ: {]tZiw = {]tZtim\ma b _lpXzmky Imt\y \m`nLmXaiIy taItZ ti\m`n [obtb. AYhm {]IrXkymXn {Im\ km[\w {]tZiw: \ntiw = hnkvXtc hN\ \ntiw. AYhm \nttim\ma b_vZamt{XW \nnjvSm\mw kzcq] hntij {]Zi\mb ]p\x Io\w, hmIyhntijw = tb\ ]mtZ\m\pt\ hmIyw kam]ytX k hmIytijx. AYhm hmIytij\ma bmLhmamNmtcyW hmtIyjp]ZaIrXw tbmKyam\Xbm ]qcytX. {]tbmP\w = bZw Imabam\; {]htX k {]tbmP\w D]tZiw = B]vXm\pimk\w. AYhm ipkym]vX hN\ky Io\w. A]tZiw = {]XnmXkykm [\tlXpc]tZi:, AXntZiw = {]IrXm ItWmbkvam X kamt\jp Ikp [tmƒXnZniiytXtb\ AXntZi: k DNytX. Am]n = bZIonX amZm]ZytX kmƒm]n, AYhm btZIkvanapNyamt\ A\pkym]yky _emZmKa\w kmm]n: \nbw = ]q ]tkymchN\w \nbw, {]kwKw = {]IcWmtcW kam]\w {]kwK: bZv hm {]ImcmcntXm tbmƒtmƒkIrZp: kam]ytX k {]kwK AYhm A{]mIcWnIkym]n hkvXp \x Inn kw_t\ b Io\w k ln {]kwK: GImw = k{X bZh [mctWt\mNytX k GIm: AYhm b ]mcw hymhIw XtZIm: ss\Imw IzNn XYm IzNnZ\ytYXn b tkm ss\Im: AYhm bZpNyam\a]yhiyw `mhntX\m\nbXw k ss\Im: A]hw = A`nhym]ym]IjWa]hw. AYhm kmIteyt\mnjvSsskyItZim]IjWa]h. hn]cybw = bZv b{Xm`nlXw Xky {]mXntemtay\ hn]cybx. AYhm Dkym\yYm `mthmhn]cybx, ]q]w = Bt] ]qIx {]iv\x ]q]x AYhm ]q]tm\ma {]XnmXm kqjIw hmIyw. hn[m\w = {]IcWm\p ]qym`nlnXw hn[m\w. AYhm X{ky I{Xm hninjvSmhm ]mZmZncN\mIrXmXZzn[m\w. A\paXw = ]caX {]Xnjna\paXw. AYhm ]c]ky `nkym ]ywKoIcWabaXw hymJym\w = Xt{ƒXnitbm] h\w hymJym\w. AYhm kwt]tWmkymky hnkvXtcWmJymbw hymJym\w. kwibw = D`b tlXp Zi\w kwibx AYhm hncpm\w ]mWma\nbx. AXoXmthWw = b{XmXoXw ]Zathy kw_mYhm b`njPm kz{]m\pa]n hyhm]ytX XZqlyw kapbw = CZw tNZw tNXn kapbx AYhm GIkvan hnlntX XZhntcmt[\ Xss{XhZznXybky hn[m\w kapbx. \nZi\w = ZrjvSmhyn \nZi\w. \nN\w = \nnXw hN\w \nN\w. AYhm \nhN\w \ncpn. kntbmKw = CZtah IhyanXn \ntbmKx, AYhm \ntbmtKm \ma Ahiym\pjvtSbXbm hn[m\w. hnIev]w = CZw hm CZw tNXn hnIev]: AYhm ]mnIm`n[m\w hnI]: {]Xypmcw = {]Xypmtcm\ma D]]Xym ]caX \nhmcWw Dmc = Dmc\ma ]c]ZqjWw IrXzm kz]tmcWw. AYhm Dmtcm\ma bmt{k tNmZyky kam[m\w. kw`hw = bZykvanp]]ZytX k Xky kw`hx. AYhm Ina]y\y{XmZim tb \ \nbta\ m]ytX k kw`hx. 36X{bpnIfpsS Npcpnep eWw C{]ImcamIpp.

vbYmt_P h\kymx {]Zot]m thiva\tbmYm
{]t_m[\ {]ImimmXm X{kybpbx.

82

Xmacsb hnIknnpXn kqcy\pw Krls {]IminnpXn hnfpw F{]ImcamtWm A{]ImcamWv X{bpnI imkv{Xsf hnIknnpIbpw {]IminnpIbpw sNpXv.

FIkvan]n btkylimkvt{X e_v[m kZmaXnx
k imkv{Xa\yZ]ymip bpnw mXzm
{]_pytX. 

83

GsXmcph\v Cu Hcp imkv{Xn thXpt]msebp Adnhv Ftmgpw DmIppthm Ah av imkv{Xhpw AXns bpnsb Adnnv Wn a\nempXmbncnpw.

A[obmt\mƒ]nimkv{XmWn X{bpy hnNW:
\m[nKXn imkv{Xmm\m `mKytbbYm. 

84

imkv{X Adnbph\mbmt]mepw X{bpI Adnbmh imkv{Xsf {Klnphm {]m]vX\mIpX. AXv F{]Imcsam `mKybn [\w CmXmIpXpt]mse.

ZpKrloXw otWmtXyh imkv{Xw imkv{Xanhm_pt[
kpKrlnXw XtZhw imkv{Xw imkv{X cXn.

85

thXpt]mse a\nemphm Ignbm imkv{Xw _pnbnmhs\ imkv{Xsat]mse \innpIXs sNpw. thXpt]mse ]Tn imkv{Xw _pnams\ imkv{Xsat]mse cnpI Xs sNpw.

XkvamtZXm {]Nyt hnkvXtctWmtc ]p\x
XXzm\masskyh X{ky KpWtZmjXx   

86

AXpsImv Cu X{ns KpWtZmjfpsS XXzm\s Adnbphm\mbn X{bpnIsf DcX{n hopw hnkvXcnp ]dbpXmbncnpw. CXv Hcp {]n]vX tmIamsWv tXmppv, ImcWw NcIkwlnXbn Ans\ Hcp DcX{w DXmbn FhntSbpw ]dpImWpn. Fm NnInmm\nse 17Aymbhpw I]m\hpw knnm\hpw {]XnkwkvIcn ZrV_emNmcy X{bpnIfpsS eWsf hnkvXcnnp Hcp DcX{w FgpXnbnptm Fv kwibntnbncnpp. AXv NnInm {]m[m\yamXvsImv Cu NcIkwlnXbpambn _sSpmXncpXpw Ans\ AdnbmsXt]mbXpw Bbncnmsav hnizknmhpXmWv.

X{XtmImx
CZaJneaZoXy kayKm
hnariXntbmhnaex {]tbmK\nXyx
k a\pP kpJPohnX{]ZmXm
`hXn [rXnkvarXn _pn[hrx.

87

GsXmcph Cu BbptZimkv{Xs apgph\pambn ]Tnnv \Xpt]mse As a\nemn hniIe\wsNbvXv Ftmgpw NnIn sNppthm Ah a\pjyv kpJPohnXs {]Zm\w sNph\mbpw hn ss[cyhpw [mcmWm inbpw _pnbpw [hpw Dh\mbpw Ccnpw.

bkyZzmZi kml{ko lrZnXojvTXn kwlnXm
tkm
ƒx k hnNmcnIokm
Ipiekx. 
Du_mlp hncutXyhw \ N InZv hrtWmXnta
{KmZw NnInkm kIoaw \
_pytX. 

88

 

89

GsXmcph\v 12000tmIfp Cu kwlnX lrZnamtWm Ah A\pw NnI\pw ka\mb sshZy\pw Bbncnpw. {KImc Ipbnsmv C{]Imcw hnfnp ]dbpp. Fsm Rm ]d hmpIsfmpw kzoImcyasn Ah Cu {Kٯn \nv CXns Atbpw NnInktbbpw Fn\pthnbpw a\nemtXn.

NnInknXw hnthi kzmXpclnXw{]Xn
bZnlmkvXn bZ\y{X btlmkvXn \ X IzNn.

Atbm Anthi! kztbpw tcmKnbptSbpw \mbn AXmXv Znn ]d NnInk ChnsS GsXmmtWm ]dncnpXv AXv Xsbmbncnpw av Znnepw AXmbXv av kwlnXIfnepw ]dncnpXv. ChnsS GsXmcp NnInk ]dbmXncppthm AXv FhntSbpw ]dp ImWpXpa. Cu Ahkm\w ]d aqv tmIw {]n]vXamsWv tXmppv.

CXynthi IrtXXt{ NcI{]Xn kwkvIrtX
knnmt\ DchkvXn knn\ma ZzmZtim
ƒymbx.

tmI : 1-15 16-25 26-35 36-45 46-55 56-71 72-90

knnm\w kam]vXw
NcIkwlnXm kam]vXw.

ip`w.